Violence in adolescent relationships has also been associated with violence in adult relationships and marriage [5,12,13].
Early in dating and relationships, traditional gender roles, e.g.
Recent qualitative research has begun to explore how gender roles and differential status and power increase risk for genderbased violence, including TDV [1,4,5,11,18].
However, adolescents also desire increased intimacy with peer groups and explore sexual and romantic interests [3, 4].
Romantic involvement is a common and important developmental task of adolescence [1,4,5].
This includes discovering one’s own values separate from one’s family, experimenting and taking risks in order to learn about one’s self, planning future goals, and solidifying ethnic and gender identities [1,2].
Adolescents challenge authority and experience conflict with their families as they seek more and more autonomy .
Five themes emerged: 1) Biology, socialization or what?
with subthemes 1a) Biology and 1b) Socialization; 2) Experiences and perceptions of power and control in relationships; 3) The conundrum of stereotypes: challenges, confrontations, confusions; 4) The importance and motivation of sex; 5) Communication, caring, commitment, with subthemes, 5a) Males not wanting committed relationships, females wanting them, 5b) Who cares?
Males are also viewed as exercising the majority of control in adolescent relationships, especially in the stage of relationship initiation or formation .
While perceptions are acknowledged as important underpinnings of behavior, inviting adolescent females to share, through personal narratives, their perspectives on how gender roles shape healthy and unhealthy dating dynamics has been rare [1,4,13].
Young girls are the group most at risk for dating violence .
Besides immediate physical and emotional harm, TDV can lead to multiple negative mental health issues including sad/hopeless feelings, binge drinking, eating disorders, and suicidal ideation as well as compromised performance in school and engagement in physical fighting [3,7-11].
Other studies have suggested that if girls do compromise their ideal relationship goals in order to begin or maintain a relationship, a power differential is furthered [4,18,20].Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating