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The federation is a union because it is indestructible and helps to maintain the unity of the country.

Art 155 and 156 provide that the Governor, who is the constitutional head of a State, is to be appointed by the President and stays only until the pleasure of the President The Centre may take over the administration of the State on the recommendations of the Governor or otherwise.

Such an amendment has to be passed by majority of total members of each house of the Parliament as well as by two-thirds majority of the members present and voting there in.

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The procedure of amending the Constitution in a federal system is normally rigid.

Indian Constitution provides that some amendments require a special majority.

After this procedure the amendment is signed by the head of the state i.e; the President.

Since in India important amendments can be amended through this procedure Hence, Indian Constitution has been rightly called a rigid constitution. The Union List consists of 97 subjects of national importance such as Defence, Railways, Post and Telegraph, etc.

As such amendments can only be made by the Union Parliament.

All India Services such as IAS and IPS have been created which are kept under the control of the Union.

A unitary system is governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature. A unitary state is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (sub national units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

This is one of the federal features of the Indian constitution.

In Indian constitution the powers of state and centre are clearly defined and there are very clear limits of both the centre and the state for law making powers. The State List consists of 66 subjects of local interest such as Public Health, Police etc.

The Concurrent List has 47 subjects important to both the Union and the State such as Electricity, Trade Union, Economic and Social Planning, etc.

This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.

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